Integrate with AWS Services

One of the common use case among customers running hybrid workloads is to keep configurations and secrets in AWS cloud and pull them on-demand when required. So part of this chapter lets see how we can integrate SSM parameter store and AWS Secrets manager with ECS tasks running outside AWS cloud.

Usecase walkthrough

Here is the high level view architecture of the workload that we are going in this chapter



  • Setup the environment variables required to build ECS-anywhere cluster and run workloads using the newly created cluster.

Change the name of the CLUSTER_NAME and SERVICE_NAME if desired, for running multiple tests.

export AWS_DEFAULT_REGION=us-east-1
export ROLE_NAME=ecsMithrilRole
export CLUSTER_NAME=test-ecs-anywhere
export SERVICE_NAME=test-ecs-anywhere-svc

Note: Change the value of AWS_DEFAULT_REGION to match the default AWS region.

  • ECS cluster is up and running
  • Vagrant VM is connected to ECS control plane and has the required network connectivity to access AWS cloud


Here are the steps involved in running this workload:

  • A new parameter is created in SSM parameter store with the name PARAMETER_TEST_AWS
  • A new secret is created with the name SECRET_TEST_AWS
  • Attach the required IAM policies to ecsanywhereTaskExecutionRole role, associated with the ECS task in order to access AWS Secrets manager, parameter store and AWS ECR
  • A new ECS task definition is registered, part of which parameters and secrets gets injected as environment variables using valueFrom attribute
  • A new ECS service registered to associate it with the ECS task created in previous step

Step by step instruction

  1. Navigate to the workload directory and execute chmod command to provide execute permissions on the shell scripts

    cd workload-management/ssm-secrets-manager
    chmod +x *.sh
  2. Run the following command to setup environment variables required for this workload.

    source ./
  3. Run the following command to create a new parameter in parameter store with the name PARAMETER_TEST_AWS and value Hello world from SSM



    Parameters created successfully
  4. Run the following command to create a new secret in AWS secrets manager with the key SECRET_TEST_AWS and value "{\"username\":\"someuser\", \"password\":\"securepassword\"}"



    Secrets successfully created
  5. Run the following command to create an ECR repository, build the ECS application and push it to ECR



    Login Succeeded
    [+] Building 0.9s (18/18) FINISHED
    => [internal] load build definition from Dockerfile                                                               0.0s
    => => transferring dockerfile: 839B                                                                               0.0s
    => [internal] load .dockerignore                                                                                  0.0s
    => => transferring context: 2B                                                                                    0.0s
    => [internal] load metadata for                                                   0.0s
    => [internal] load build context                                                                                  0.0s
    => => transferring context: 14.13kB                                                                               0.0s
    => [builder 1/9] FROM                                                             0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 2/9] RUN apk add --no-cache git                                                                0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 3/9] WORKDIR /app/ssm-secrets-manager                                                          0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 4/9] COPY go.mod .                                                                             0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 5/9] RUN export GOPROXY="direct"                                                               0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 6/9] RUN go env -w GOPRIVATE=*                                                                 0.0s
    => CACHED [builder 7/9] RUN go mod download                                                                       0.0s
    => [builder 8/9] COPY ../.. .                                                                                     0.0s
    => [builder 9/9] RUN go build -o ./out/ssm-secrets-manager main.go                                                0.7s
    => CACHED [stage-1 2/5] RUN apk add --no-cache         python3         py3-pip         ca-certificates     && pi  0.0s
    => CACHED [stage-1 3/5] COPY --from=builder /etc/passwd /etc/passwd                                               0.0s
    => CACHED [stage-1 4/5] COPY --from=builder /etc/group /etc/group                                                 0.0s
    => CACHED [stage-1 5/5] COPY --from=builder /app/ssm-secrets-manager/out/ssm-secrets-manager /main                0.0s
    => exporting to image                                                                                             0.0s
    => => exporting layers                                                                                            0.0s
    => => writing image sha256:6446ac065574cc49b3a5018ac2318d3b44b0b0486d4b4f52021df375941210c5                       0.0s
    => => naming to                                                      0.0s
    Use 'docker scan' to run Snyk tests against images to find vulnerabilities and learn how to fix them
    The push refers to repository []
    b81b7e7097c8: Layer already exists
    391889d77512: Layer already exists
    b878da30d815: Layer already exists
    cab0017af15d: Layer already exists
    a9d40f605488: Layer already exists
    dc27f0c2b863: Layer already exists
    a588deb4bef3: Layer already exists
    224f6b2e3ad2: Layer already exists
    b2d5eeeaba3a: Layer already exists
    latest: digest: sha256:3446ff62c554c1c2d3adaa7f0d5659a9bc6cd79e9e1dd6f326d3769eb12c0e9d size: 2202

    Note: Policies required to access AWS SecretsManager, AWS ParameterStore and AWS ECR are attached to the ECS task execution role

  6. Run the following command to create IAM roles, ECS task and associated it with a ECS service to run the workload in vagrant VM (outside AWS Cloud)

  7. The task will take a bit of time to get started, so wait couple of seconds and then open the browser and navigate to this URL http://localhost:8080, to see the below response:


    Note: Values in parameter store and secrets manager are available part of PARAMETER_TEST_AWS and SECRET_TEST_AWS environment variables.

  8. Run the following command to cleanup all the resources created part of this article

    cd ../..